Srishty Sharon Image Courtesy:
05 Sep, 2018
Like every other sport,
playing badminton is one of the most common workouts for the millennial
generation who are the real hustlers. It helps greatly to keep the body in
shape and maintain fitness. However, sports come with a fair deal of cons like
injuries that let you down at times when it’s real important to be up and
running. Injuries are very common in the game of badminton. Add to that,
certain injuries can be fatal.
It is necessary to play safely in the games, and
even if you suffer from any injury, then it is essential to take the best
measures for it. Necessary preventive measures are important so that, even if
an injury is caused, these measures can prevent it to take a fatal form.
Players usually suffer from some common injuries, which are caused by wrong
playing movement and sometimes due to falling.
Here are some of the most
common badminton injuries with the appropriate prevention and safety measures.
It is among the most common
injuries in the badminton game. In many cases, the ankle rolls inwards with the
whole-body weight. This can cause damage and tear in the ligaments on the
outside of the ankle. The pain is felt on the outside and around the joint of
Swelling and bruising can be felt immediately after ankle injury and
depending on the type of damage, the sprain can take a severe change in the
next 48 hours. This can be fatal if not treated properly and timely. And such
ligaments tearing also leads to major surgeries.
The Tennis Elbow injury is
also known as the Lateral Epicondylitis. It happens when the outside of the
elbow is injured, and there can be a number of causes for this injury. If a
player’s backhand technique is not appropriate, it may cause Tennis Elbow .
This is because when a player is not playing the backhand technique properly,
it means that he or she must be playing the shot with a soft wrist movement.
This injury is as common as a strain which can cause in the routine activities.
A Wrist Strain is a
generalized term which is used to address the pain that causes in the wrist. It
is common, still, it can be fatal. An extreme pressure on the wrist can cause
strain to it. The Wrist Sprain can also cause a repetitive strain injury. In
this injury, pain is felt in the wrist, either gradually or suddenly.
constant paining in the wrist can be extremely upsetting. If the injury is
severe, the swelling can be developed in the wrist. Constant touching to the
injured hand can increase or reproduce the pain and limits a player to perform
any kind of wrist activities.
Another common injury is the
Golfer’s Elbow, which is also known as the medial epicondylitis. This injury is
somewhat similar to the Tennis Elbow, but in this injury, the inside of the
elbow is affected. This injury also has another name, i.e. Throwers Elbow.
Basically, this injury is caused by an extremely hard or bad gripping
If a player feels pain and tenderness on the inside of the elbow, at
the bony bit, then it is the Golfer’s Elbow. Due to this injury, a gradual
weakness is also felt in the wrist, and even a slight movement in the wrist can
reawaken the pain. If the wrist palm is bent downwards or to any direction
which is against the resistance, the pain can take a severe form.
Rotator Cuff Injury
This shoulder injury happens
when a tear is caused to any of the four rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder.
This injury is common in throwing and other racket sports such as Squash,
Tennis and Badminton. These cuff muscles, in the shoulders, are responsible for
the rotation of the arm and these muscles also provide support around the
Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy
This injury is related to
the shoulder. It is also known as Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy or Tendonitis is a
medical condition, which affects one or more than one rotator cuff tendon which
is present in the shoulder. Due to this injury, a player can feel pain in the
shoulder which takes place gradually. This also happens when proper rest and
treatment is not given to the injured player. The rotator cuff sprain can also
cause the Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy.
The medical term for the
Jumper’s Knee is also known as the Patellar Tendonitis. In this badminton knee
injury, the result of the pain is at the front of the knee. The pain is usually
pointed at the bottom of the kneecap. If a person plays, runs or jumps
excessively, then the strain can be repetitive. This also causes the degeneration
of the Patella Tendon.
Actions for these Injuries
There can be many injuries,
which may be fatal or maybe not. It is absolutely essential to take prompt
action after encountering any kind of injury. The PRICE is one of the most
eminent methods for these injuries. PRICE stands for Protection, Rest, Ice,
Compression and Elevation. These five methods should be applied to an injured
for immediate relief.
Protect the injury and prevent it from any kind of further damage.
Refrain from exercise for some time. Slowing down the routine activities helps
in rapid recovery.
Apply ice or any sort of cold therapy in order to reduce the inflammation and
Proper pressure should be applied to the injured part of the body. It can be
done with the help of bandages, which can keep away the swelling.
position of the injured area should be elevated, for the proper blood
circulation and fast recovery. This method also saves from swelling.
This is the most urgent
thing to do right after a player suffers from an injury. It doesn’t matter
whether an injury is major or minor, the professional’s consultation is
critically important. Even after attempting all the methods of PRICE, if an
injured player is not fine, then an immediate contact with a professional for
the further treatment should be attempted if a player is:
Facing problems and pain especially on
Severe swells in the injured area
Unable to perform routine activities after 72
hours of the injury
Unable to feel or have an altered sensation
for any kind of feeling on the injured areas, such as immune to sensations on
the skin directly
Prevention is better than cure.
This idiom says it all. In the sports field, injuries are inevitable but there
can be many situations when these injuries become fatal. To prevent such
circumstances, it is substantial to take the proper prevention against all
badminton related injuries. Here are some prevention measures to stay safe from
It is extremely vital to
practice warm-up routinely. It is an extraordinary way to stay fit and prevent
the complicated areas from any injury.
· Warm-ups are the best for increasing the
muscle temperature, which brings flexibility to the body, increase blood flow
and it also provides oxygen to the muscles.
It helps in enhancing rapid movement by
increasing the nerve impulse. Warm up is essential to reduce the risk of
ligament and muscle tearing.
· A player should regularly jog, before
attempting to warm up. This helps in blood circulation and increases the supply
· Other stretching drills are also recommended
for warm-ups. A 20 to 30 minutes of a warm-up is ideal to perform.
The Cool Down is a great
prevention method which is often neglected, but it has so much importance. It
is a great prevention from injuries.
The objective of this prevention method is to
lower the heart rate and help in keeping it constant.
It is essential for proper blood and oxygen supply
to the muscles and works efficiently in the restoration of sore muscles and
reduce its risk exponentially.
It is beneficial for the removal of lactic
acid and other unimportant products.
A good massage is enormously
beneficial for physical and mental health.
• It flushes out any kind of waste material
from the muscles and help in loosening and releasing the tight lumps in the
• Massage provides relaxation to the whole
• This prevents from the possibility of
injuries that might take place in the future.
In the game of badminton,
there are two main equipment which are essential for conquering a match.
However, these are also important for the prevention of injuries.
The shoes of a badminton player are one of
the main equipment. A player should buy shoes, which can provide all the
comfort, and prevention shoes should be comfortable and reliable. It is
necessary to buy such shoes which can provide protection from common injuries
and provide comfort to the ankle.
The second equipment is the racquet. A player
should have a racquet, which is comfortable, reliable and strong enough to
handle the heavy smashes. Good racquets always a big payoff. They are not just
good for the game, but they also provide a firm grip and balancing, which saves
big time from major wrist injuries. There are some of the best badminton
racquet brands which provide better accessibility and comfort. So, it is vital
to choose the most important armour, carefully.
The physical fitness is a
significant aspect for a badminton player. For this, proper nutrition is
critically important. There are a lot of advantages to a good and nutritious
• A player should intake food, which can supply
the required nutrition for the body.
• An adequate diet can encourage fast recovery
and on the other hand, an improper diet can prevent a player from fast
• A balanced diet is very necessary it should
be a perfect blend of carbohydrates, Protein and Fibre.
All the essential vitamins and minerals should
be added to the diet.
• Hydrated physique helps in regulating enough
supply of blood through the muscles.
Physical fitness is strictly
necessary and for that, there should be a proper fitness routine followed by a
fit player as well as an injured player, for the sake of prevention from
injuries. This enhances the muscle fitness of the body. This helps in
maintaining the right posture and providing balance to the body.
Time and Recovery
Prevention is necessary and
even if a player suffers from an injury, the requirement of giving time for the
recovery is important. A player who is trying to recover from an injury should
understand that the process of recovery takes time. So, it is meaningful to
devote time for a smooth recovery.